10 Ways to Purify Water at Home Quickly

The scarcity of clean water is often a worrying phenomenon during the dry season. However, in the rainy season there is not necessarily abundant clean water because sometimes the water becomes cloudy. How to purify water can be a solution in conditions like this.

Yes, you can indeed get clean water for daily needs by buying jerry cans of water. However, there is nothing wrong with purifying your own water at home to be more efficient.

How to Purify Water

Here are some ways to purify water that can be done, both with advanced technology and simple systems.

Using Advanced Technology

(Freepik)

In some developed countries, water filtration systems have been implemented properly so that tap water can be drunk directly without having to cook it first.

For example, water filtration technology in Singapore produces NEWater which is then distributed to the public and is safe to drink directly.

Unfortunately, this technology is not yet used in Indonesia in the PDAM system. For home use, you can buy water filters at high-tech electronics stores

Using Alum

how to purify water with alum
(Bukalapak)

Alum, also known as potassium aluminum sulfate, can be used to purify water. Its function is to bind to phosphorus particles, a common contaminant found in water sources near livestock farms.

The dosage is about 3-5 tablespoons per 1,000 liters of water if it’s not too cloudy. If the water is cloudy, use about 5-8 tablespoons per 1,000 liters of water.

Also read: 3 Ways to Overcome Clogged Drains Due to Hair

(Dasaguru)

Calcium Hypochlorite, better known as chlorine, is often used in residential water treatment. Chlorine has a very strong odor and can generate heat.

So it should not be stored near wood, cloth or petroleum products because it can trigger an explosion. The use of chlorine increases the pH of the water and is often used to purify swimming pool water.

In addition to purifying water, chlorine also eradicates germs and bacteria. The dosage is 1 gram of chlorine for 100 liters of water. Excessive use is not recommended because it poses a risk to health if taken.

The way to tell if you have too much chlorine is by smelling it. If it smells like water in a public swimming pool, it means it has a high chlorine content. Better not to drink, okay!

Use Chlorine Tablets

how to purify water with chlorine
(Bobvila)

In addition to chlorine, this purification process can also use other chemicals such as ozone, cuprisulfate, and chlorine. The use of chlorine is common because this substance is easily obtained in tablet form.

Just like chlorine, the use of chlorine also affects the smell of water. If you purify water for consumption with chlorine, make sure to boil it before drinking, OK!

Utilizing Ceramic Filters

The use of ceramic materials for water filtration can filter small particles ranging from microorganisms such as bacteria to pollutants. This is due to the presence of nano silver and active nano in the ceramic filtration system.

In fact, this filter can reduce unpleasant odors. As a result, the water becomes clearer and healthier for daily use.

The use of ceramic filtration systems is known to reduce E. Coli bacteria which are commonly found in water sources in developing countries. As a result, the risk of diarrheal disease also decreased dramatically.

Also read: How to get rid of odors in shoes without washing them

Using UV Filters

(Atlantic Ultraviolet)

The next way to purify water is to use ultraviolet light. The use of this technology can reduce water pollutants significantly by killing 99% of bacteria and microorganisms such as spores and viruses.

There are several types of filtration technology with ultraviolet light that are commonly used, namely:

Medium Pressure UV

Water filtration with medium pressure UV light (medium pressure) commonly used for industrial scale. This technology is capable of filtering 170 liters of water per second with electromagnetic waves up to 280 nm.

Low Pressure UV

This technology is capable of filtering 2.5 liters per second with electromagnetic waves of 253 nm. Low pressure UV filter technology (low pressure) is more suitable for home use.

UV pen

There is another UV filter that is more practical, namely in the form of a pen. How to use it is enough to be dipped in water to kill bacteria so that the water is safe for consumption.

The use of UV pens is suitable for small-scale water purification. The shape is portable it is also possible to take it out into the open when camping.

Also read: 10 Ways to Automatically Install a Water Pump

Boiling Water

how to purify water by boiling water

The easiest way to purify water is to boil the water. The disadvantage of this method is that it is only able to purify water on a small scale.

Boiling water can kill germs and bacteria so that the water becomes safe for consumption. If there are small particles after boiling the water, set it aside first so that the water is safe to drink.

Distilling Water

(Advanced Water Solutions)

How to purify water by distillation is more complicated and time consuming. However, this method will produce really clear water. In fact, the distillation process can make sea water drinkable.

You can purify water with simple distillation at home. The trick is to boil water, then channel the steam through a hose or pipe. Then, cool this steam to become water and store it for daily needs.

Laying Natural Stone

how to purify water with natural stone
(Freepik)

Natural stone has long been used as a way to purify well water in rural areas. The only way is to insert natural stone into the well.

Piles of natural stone at the bottom of the well can filter pollutant particles so as not to make the water cloudy. However, to make the filtering process more effective, it’s a good idea to add other filter elements such as palm fiber, fine sand, and charcoal.

Making a Simple Water Filter

(April Aire)

You can also you know make a simple water filter with easily available materials. To make this tool, you will need a plastic bottle, fibers, pebbles, charcoal, and gauze.

First of all, split the bottle in half and use the top with the hole. Then, arrange the filter material at the mouth of the bottle in the following order: gauze, fibers, charcoal, and gravel.

Press it firmly, and your homemade filter is ready to go! How to use it is to run water over it, then collect the clear water droplets,

nowHere are some ways to purify water that can make the water cleaner and free of contaminants. Good luck!

Read also:


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